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Phonetic series of Old Chinese recognised by Zhengzhang

The readings and meanings are from Unihan; The [ja:nnn] box (if present) indicates frequency in Japan; 新字体 are postwar simplifications of graphs in Japan; 簡体字 are simplified graphs in PRC. [sources]
𧶠
𧶠 (luɡ) Compounds: 22
dòu TOU TOKU surname; hole, burrow; corrupt 簡体字: 窦
ZOKU SHOKU continue, carry on; succeed 新字体: 続 簡体字: 续
覿
覿 TEKI see; interview; be admitted to audience 簡体字: 觌
TOKU to dishonor, defile, corrupt; soiled 簡体字: 黩
TOKU DOKU TOU slander, utter evil words
TOKU DOKU an abortion; stillborn 簡体字: 㱩
TOKU TOU DOKU read, study; pronounce 新字体: 読 簡体字: 读
TOKU DOKU cabinet, wardrobe; closet 簡体字: 椟
TOKU writing tablet; documents, books 簡体字: 牍
IKU TEKI CHAKU TOKU DOKU
TOKU TOU ditch, sluice, gutter, drain 簡体字: 渎
TOKU DOKU
TOKU calf; victim of sacrifice 簡体字: 犊
TOKU DOKU case; casket
SHOKU ZOKU water plant
shǔ
shú SHOKU buy, redeem; ransom; atone for 簡体字: 赎
𦚢
𦚢 yuē (qʷal) Compounds: 1
𩨭
𩨭 quē stiffness in the joints
𢦏
𢦏 zāi (ʔslɯː) to cut, wound, hurt Compounds: 11
zāi SAI to cultivate, plant; to care for plants [ja:1496]
zāi SAI final exclamatory particle
zāi SAI calamities from Heaven, as floods, famines, pestilence, etc.; misery
zài SAI load; carry; transport, convey [ja:825] 簡体字: 载
zāi
zāi
zāi
cái SAI cut out; decrease [ja:297]
zài
caterpillar; (Cant.) a nit, louse; itching
SHI minced meat; to cut meat into pieces
𥁕
𥁕 wēn (quːn) compassionate; to feed a prisoner Compounds: 23
ǎo OU old woman; lower-class woman
yūn
wēn ON UN lukewarm, warm; tepid, mild 新字体: 温 簡体字: 温
wēn
wēn UN the hippuris or mare's tail plant
wēn OTSU OCHI ON
wēn
yùn UN ON variant of 縕 U+7E15, tangled hemp, raveled silk; vague, confused
yùn ON UN an orange color; hide, conceal 簡体字: 韫
wēn ON epidemic, plague, pestilence
wèn wipe off; press down with knuckle
yūn UN life giving influences of nature; spirit of harmony; prosperity
yūn UN ON sultriness, stuffiness
yūn
yūn
yùn UN ON collect
yǔn ON UN a robe
yùn UN liquor
yùn UN ON angry, indignant, resentful 簡体字: 愠
yùn UN ON collect, gather, store; profound; (Budd.) skandha 簡体字: 蕴
OTSU fat
wēn OTSU OCHI UN pillar, cryptomeria
ECHI OCHI OTSU WATSU
luán (b·roːn) (ancient form) chaos; distraction; confusion, confused, continuous; uninterruptedto tie together, to manage Compounds: 20
mán BAN barbarians; barbarous, savage 新字体: 蛮 簡体字: 蛮
mǎn BAN MAN RAN to see, witness, inspect
biàn HEN change, transform, alter; rebel 新字体: 変 簡体字: 变
luán RAN fabulous bird 簡体字: 鸾
luán RAN mountain range; pointed mountain 簡体字: 峦
luán RAN river and county in Hebei province 簡体字: 滦
luán RAN name of tree; a part of cornice 簡体字: 栾
luán RAN bells hung on horse; bells hung 簡体字: 銮
luán REN small lump of meat; sliced meat 簡体字: 脔
luán
luán
luán RAN entire
luán RAN BAN MAN REN
孿
孿 luán SAN SEN REN twins 簡体字: 孪
wān WAN bend, curve 簡体字: 弯
wān WAN a bay, cove, inlet, bend of stream 新字体: 湾 簡体字: 湾
luán REN tangled; entwined; crooked 簡体字: 挛
luán REN RAN BAN MAN lovely, beautiful; docile, obedient 簡体字: 娈
liàn REN love; long for, yearn for; love 新字体: 恋 簡体字: 恋
juàn a kind of utensil used to ladle out wine, a container that gives a measurement of rice
ICHI ITSU (qliɡ) one; a, an; alone [ja:2] Compounds: 1
ITSU ICHI number one
dīng TEI CHOU TOU (rteːŋ) male adult; robust, vigorous; 4th heavenly stem [ja:1312] Compounds: 30
tǐng TEI CHOU TEN paths between fields
tīng CHOU TEI raised path between fields [ja:292]
DA TEI strike, hit, beat; fight; attack [ja:239]
dīng rivet gaze upon, keep eyes on
chéng TOU JOU TEI CHOU to bump
dīng TEI CHOU TOU jingling, tinkling
dīng
chén
dīng TEI CHOU nail, spike; pursue closely [ja:2496] 簡体字: 钉
dīng TEI CHOU DAI to cobble, to patch
dīng TEI lonely, solitary
dīng TEI exhort or enjoin repeatedly
dīng CHOU carbuncle, boil, ulcer
dǐng CHOU TEI top, peak; carry on head; very [ja:1350] 簡体字: 顶
dǐng TEI CHOU TEN
dīng TEI CHOU
dīng TEI drunk, intoxicated
tíng TEI JOU CHOU Draba nemerosa bebe carpa
dìng TEI anchor; (Cant.) a place
dìng TEI CHOU draw up agreement; arrange [ja:1690] 簡体字: 订
dìng TEI CHOU display food for show only; sacrifice 簡体字: 饤
tīng TEI sandbar, beach, bank, shore
tīng
tīng CHOU TEI hall, central room [ja:793]
tíng TEI CHOU pretty; attractive; graceful
tíng TEI CHOU JOU stop, suspend, delay; suitable [ja:733]
tíng TEI JOU
tíng TEI (of water) not flowing; clear
tíng tree
tíng TEI CHOU CHIN pavilion; erect [ja:1627]
kǎo KOU (kʰluːʔ) obstruction of breath (qi) as it seeks release; variant of other characters Compounds: 9
kǎo KOU examine, test; investigate
kǎo KOU examine, test; investigate [ja:196]
kǎo KOU bake, roast, toast, cook
kǎo GOU KOU torture and interrogate; hit [ja:2057]
kǎo GOU KOU mangrove
kǎo
kào shackles, manacle 簡体字: 铐
qiǎo KOU skillful, ingenious, clever [ja:1537]
xiǔ KYUU decayed, rotten; rot, decay [ja:1891]
SHICHI SHITSU (sn̥ʰid) seven [ja:115] Compounds: 5
qiè SETSU SAI cut, mince, slice, carve [ja:324]
SEI SAI to build, pile up; stone steps, brick walk
infuse
SHITSU SHICHI number seven
chì SHITSU SHICHI scold, shout at, bawl out [ja:2255]
zhàng JOU CHOU (daŋʔ) unit of length equal 3.3 meters; gentleman, man, husband [ja:1375] Compounds: 2
zhàng JOU cane, walking stick [ja:2387]
zhàng JOU rely upon; protector; fight; war, weaponry
sān SAN (suːm) three [ja:14] Compounds: 1
sān SAN three
shàng JOU SHOU (djaŋʔ) top; superior, highest; go up, send up [ja:35] Compounds: 1
shàng SHOU above
xià KA GE (ɡraːʔ) under, underneath, below; down; inferior; bring down [ja:97] Compounds: 2
xià KA under, underneath, below; down; inferior; bring down; used to transliterate the Latin letter 'T'
FU BU FUTSU HI (pɯ) no, not; un-; negative prefix [ja:101] Compounds: 28
pēi HAI embryo; unfinished things
pěi HAI HE
pōu
HI dyspepsia, spleen infection
HI great, grand, glorious, distinguished
HI BI HAI HE mighty
HI FUU FU HYUU HYU millet
HI gallop
pēi bosom; to carry in the bosom; to cherish
HI
HI
HI mound, lump; stealthily
HI BI a department in the State of Lu; in what is now Shantung or N. China
HI BI HAI HE
fǒu HI not, no, negative; final particle [ja:561]
póu HOU HAI take or hold up in both hands
fóu FUU FU HAI BAI fresh
fǒu
pēi HAI FUU FU
FU screen used in ancient times
FUU BU FU medicinal plant
bēi HAI cup, glass [ja:1235]
bēi HAI glass, cup
bēi HAI cup, glass, tumbler
HI HAI HE dam, embankment; weir
pēi HAI embryo; unfinished things [ja:2471]
miǎn BEN MEN (meːnʔ) parapet; invisible Compounds: 4
miǎn
miǎn BEN MEN BIN MIN flood; overflowing
miǎn BEN MEN to look askance; looking dull
miàn MEN flour, noodles, dough
gài KAI KATSU (kaːds) beggar; beg; give Compounds: 1
gài KAI to beg for alms; a beggar
chǒu CHUU CHU (n̥ʰuʔ) clown, comedian; 2nd terrestrial branch [ja:2305] Compounds: 12
náo DOU NOU name of a mountain
niǔ CHUU JUU knot; button; handle, knob; tie 簡体字: 纽
niǔ JUU NYU CHUU CHU turn, twist, wrench; seize, grasp
niǔ JUU to covet; to be accustomed
niǔ CHUU JUU button, knob; surname 簡体字: 钮
niǔ JIKU JUU blush, be bashful, be ashamed
chǒu CHUU CHU SHUU NYU ligustrum sinenese, tree
niǔ
xiū SHUU disgrace, shame; ashamed; shy
róu
JIKU epistaxis, nosebleed; to be defeated
qiě SHA SHO (sʰjaːʔ) moreover, also (post-subject); about to, will soon (pre-verb) Compounds: 56
cuó SA ZA SO ZO
cuó
zhā SA SHIA GA NA SAI SE a handful. to pick up with the fingers. to seize
SHO JO SO dull, stupid, suspicious
SHA SHO net for catching rabbits
jiē
jiě SO SHA elder sister, young lady
zhā (Cant.) to grasp, hold
jiě
SHO weak, lame
qiè
chá SA investigate, examine, seek into
zhā SA SHO SO hawthorn
zhā SA SHA a kind of hawthorne
zhā pimples, blotches
zhā SA SHA refuse, dregs, lees, sediment
zhā SA JA a raft, to hew, to fell trees
SO SHO SA sackcloth; female hemp plant
zǎng SOU SO ZO SHO excellent horse, noble steed 簡体字: 驵
SO rent, lease; rental; tax [ja:2089]
SO SHO SHA JA
SO ancestor, forefather; grandfather [ja:1226]
SO SHO class; section, department [ja:204] 簡体字: 组
SO TATSU
SO rough, thick, course; rude [ja:1689]
SO go, advance; to; die
SO ZO to die
zhù
SHO dull, slow, unskillful
SHO SO maggots
SHO SO stop, prevent; defeated, dejected
SO SHO suck; chew, masticate
SHO SO ulcer, carbuncle, abscess
SHO osprey, fishhawk; hold back
SHO SO an ape, monkey; to spy, watch for; to lie [ja:745]
SO SHO uneven
SHO SO rocky, hilly, uneven
SHO
SHO
SO SHO to spy; to watch for
SHU SU SHO peep at; watch, spy on 簡体字: 觑
SHO JO SHA SO weak, lame
zhù CHO JO chopsticks, tongs
SHO SHA salted or pickled vegetables
SHO SHA
SO SHO impede, hinder, obstruct; oppose [ja:1280]
SHO SO chopping board or block; painted
SO SHO curse; swear, pledge 簡体字: 诅
chú SHO ZO SO hoe; eradicate, eliminate
chú
chú JO SO hoe; eradicate 簡体字: 锄
chú JO hoe
SO SHO SA irregular teeth; discord 簡体字: 龃
zhù JO SHO help, aid, assist [ja:397]
shì SE SEI (hljebs) generation; world; era [ja:135] Compounds: 42
shì SEI SHA borrow; pardon; loan [ja:2441] 簡体字: 贳
EI TEI SEI ZEI
zhì SEI TEI REI to leap over
xiè EI SETSU leak; vent; flow; reveal
EI SETSU SECHI long oar, sweep
EI SETSU SECHI
EI SETSU SECHI final particle expressing consent; talkative
EI I SHI work hard; belabored; toil 簡体字: 勚
TEI TAI drawer; tray; pad; screen 簡体字: 屉
dié CHOU TOU flatfish; flounder; sole 簡体字: 鲽
xiè SETSU CHOU beating of ocean; surging of water
zhá YOU CHOU SOU JOU to fry in fat or oil. to scald
dié CHOU TOU nag; chatter, babble, twitter [ja:2403]
xiè SHOU TOU JOU
dié half-sitting, half-reclining
YOU SHOU leaf, petal; page of book; period [ja:414] 簡体字: 叶
shè YOU KYOU
shè SHOU archer's thumb ring
YOU a table, flat pieces of wood, a slip, a leaf
YOU CHOU SHOU small dish; window
dié SETSU ZECHI CHOU JOU to sort out the stalks used in divination; to fold
YOU SHOU thin plates of metal
xiè YOU KYOU CHOU
dié CHOU butterfly [ja:2011]
dié CHOU JOU documents, records; dispatch
dié CHOU JOU to skip, to dance; to put the foot down
dié CHOU an intelligence report; to spy; spying [ja:2445] 簡体字: 谍
dié TEU DEU plate
dié OUCHOU YOU SHOU JI
dié
dié CHOU JOU KYOU
dié KATSU GACHI SETSU ZECHI small dish, plate
xiè TEI TAI SEHU wooden shoes, clogs
xiè TEI TAI SEHU
xiè SETSU bridle; halter 簡体字: 绁
xiè
xuē
xiè SETSU cord
xiè SETSU SECHI lust after, act indecently; lewd
qiū KYUU (kʰʷɯ) hill; elder; empty; a name [ja:1405] Compounds: 3
qiū KYUU surname; hill; mound; grave
qiū KYUU KU earthworm
qiū KYUU hill; elder; empty; a name
bǐng HEI HYOU (pqraŋʔ) third; 3rd heavenly stem Compounds: 26
gèng KOU more, still further, much more [ja:861]
jīng KOU non-glutinous rice
gěng KAU KYOU ditches for irrigation; hole
gēng river in Hebei province; (Cant.) a ford; to wade
jīng KOU non-glutinous rice
gěng KOU KYOU stem of flower, branch of plant
gěng KOU choke (with grief)
gěng KOU KYOU HEI HYOI HAN well rope 簡体字: 绠
gěng KOU KYOU fish bones; honest, upright 簡体字: 鲠
gěng KOU KYOU fish-bones, things that stick in the throat; unyielding, blunt of speech; (Cant.) to stir, mix, agitate; to wade
gěng KOU KYOU any object that sticks in throat; bony
gěng place in Shandong province
yìng KOU GOU hard, firm, strong; obstinate [ja:1101]
yìng GOU GYOU
bǐng HEI bright, luminous; glorious
bǐng HEI HYOU name of a city in the ancient state of Song, in what is now Shandong; pleased
bǐng be anxious, be grieved, be sad
bǐng HEI HYOU bright; shining, splendid
bǐng HEI HYOU HOU
bǐng bright, glorious; brilliant
bǐng HEI HYOU HOU bright, luminous; glorious
bǐng (Cant.) to hide things, to conceal
bǐng HEI HYOU handle, lever, knob; authority [ja:1140]
bǐng HEI HYOU
bìng HEI KEI drowsy
bìng BYOU HEI illness, sickness, disease [ja:384]
chéng SHOU JOU (ɡljɯŋ) assist, aid, rescue Compounds: 8
zhēng JOU steam; evaporate [ja:1552]
zhēng JOU SHOU rise, steam; many, numerous
zhēng
chéng
zhěng JOU SHOU help, save, aid; lift, raise
zhěng SHOU JOU name of a river in Shandong
chéng SHOU SOU inherit, receive; succeed [ja:775]
jǐn KIN
bìng HEI (beːŋʔ) equal to; side by side; also, what is more; both [ja:599] 簡体字: 并 Compounds: 3
bàn (Cant.) mud, mire
pián HOU HEI HEN
bìng HEI HOU to combine, annex; also, what's more 新字体: 並
jiū KYUU (kɯw) to join or connect the vine Compounds: 13
jiāo KYUU GU KI GI
jiāo KOU
qiáo KYOU GYOU SHUU SHU buckwheat; herbal medicine
jiào KYOU cry, shout; hail, greet, call [ja:1426]
jiào
jiào KYOU cry loudly, yell, scream
shōu SHUU gather together, collect; harvest 新字体: 収
jiū KYUU investigate, inspect [ja:1820] 簡体字: 纠
jiū
jiū KYUU grand, valiant [ja:2114]
qiú KYUU KU KYOU GYOU young dragon
qiú KYUU KU KYOU GYOU young dragon 簡体字: 虬
qiú
zhōng CHUU (tuŋ) central; center, middle; in the midst of; hit (target); attain [ja:11] Compounds: 9
zhōng CHUU loyalty, devotion, fidelity [ja:1113]
zhōng CHUU heart, from bottom of one's heart [ja:2229]
chōng CHUU CHU SHUU SHU a sad, uneasy countenance
chōng
zhōng CHUU JU small cup or bowl
zhǒng CHUU seed; race, breed; to plant
chōng CHUU pour, infuse, steep; wash away [ja:929] 簡体字: 冲
chōng CHUU JU fly upward
zhòng CHUU middle brother; go between, mediator; surname [ja:919]
KEKI KYAKU (kraɡ) catch Compounds: 1
jiè KAI (kreːds) dense Compounds: 21
féng HOU FU BA resist
chì SEI SETSU SECHI
shì
SETSU KEI deed, contract, bond; engrave [ja:898]
KEI KETSU KECHI carve, engrave
KEI semi-annual ceremony of purification
KEI GEI KETSU KECHI
xiē SETSU KETSU wedge; gatepost; foreword
qiā KATSU smilax china
xiē SETSU SECHI KETSU KECHI KATSU
xiè SETSU SECHI
jié KETSU clean, purify, pure [ja:1595] 簡体字: 洁
jié KETSU KECHI KEI KATSU a marking line; ascertain, assess; measure
qiè KETSU KECHI KEI sickle; cut, carve, engrave 簡体字: 锲
qiè KETSU KEI assist, help, lead by hand
qiè
niè KETSU GETSU bite, gnaw; wear down, erode
xiè short garments
chī KITSU KEKI eat; drink; suffer, endure, bear [ja:1347]
fēng HOU FU FUU BU (pʰoŋ) abundant, lush, bountiful, plenty Compounds: 34
bāng HOU nation, country, state [ja:654]
bāng HOU watchman's rattle
bāng HOU
pàng to swell; fat, swollen
bàng HOU BOU oysters, mussels; mother-of-pearl
bàng a kind of gem inferior to jade
bàng BOU HOU stick, club, truncheon; hit [ja:1455]
bàng HOU BOU BYOU
běng HOU FU ornament
běng HOU FU BO species of water plant; flower
fèng HOU wages, salary, official emolument [ja:1834]
péng
fēng HOU bee, wasp, hornet [ja:2223]
péng HOU BO FUU FU
péng HOU type of raspberry; fairyland
péng HOU awning, covering; sail; boat
fěng HOU HO BU to recite, to intone or chant
běng HOU BO HAU BAU (Cant.) classifier for walls
fēng HOU FU
fēng
fēng HOU peak, summit; hump of camel [ja:2079]
fēng HOU peak, summit; hump of camel [ja:1836]
fēng HOU point of spear, sharp point 簡体字: 锋
fēng HOU signal fire; tower where signal
fēng HOU bees, hornets, wasps
fēng HOU FU
péng
féng HOU FU BA resist
pěng HOU hold up in two hands [ja:2286]
féng HOU BU come upon, happen meet; flatter [ja:2116]
fèng HOU sew, mend [ja:1723] 簡体字: 缝
féng
féng
fèng HOU BU offer; receive; serve; respect [ja:1624]
zhuó SAKU (zroːwɢ) thick (grass) Compounds: 2
záo SAKU SOU chisel; bore, pierce 簡体字: 凿
zuò
wán GAN (ɡʷaːn) small round object; pellet, pill [ja:542] Compounds: 5
wěi I
wán KAN GAN white silk, fine silk; gauze 簡体字: 纨
wán KAN GAN
wán KAN GAN weep
huàn
dān TAN (taːn) cinnabar (native HgS); vermilion (artificial HgS used as pigment) [ja:1402] Compounds: 2
zhān SEN silk banner with bent pole
zhān SEN sandalwood
zhǔ SHU SU (tjoʔ) master, chief owner; host; lord [ja:95] Compounds: 21
tǒu SHU CHU TOU TSU
tǒu TOU TSU person's name
tǒu TOU TSU yellow; augment, increase
tǒu
zhǔ SHU TOKU DOKU
zhǔ CHU lean on; post; prod; ridicule
zhù CHUU pillar, post; support; lean on [ja:1119]
zhù CHUU CHU to be stationed at, reside at; to stop [ja:955] 簡体字: 驻
zhù CHUU CHU explain; annotate; make entry 簡体字: 注
zhù
zhù
zhù JUU reside, live at, dwell, lodge; stop [ja:270]
zhù
zhù CHIU JIYU
zhǔ SHU SU species of deer
zhǔ SHU
zhù SHU candle wick, lamp wick; stick of incense
zhù CHUU concentrate, focus, direct [ja:497]
zhù
zhù SHU insects that eat books, clothes
zhù
REI (reːls) beautiful, magnificent, elegant Compounds: 20
SAI SHA sprinkle, splash; scatter, throw 簡体字: 洒
SHI SAI SE
SHI RI SAI SHA sandal
shài SAI dry in sun, expose to sun 簡体字: 晒
REI RAI RI
RI REI a pure black horse; a pair of horses 簡体字: 骊
eel 簡体字: 鲡
REI RAI RI beam
REI RI beautiful, magnificent, elegant [ja:1758] 簡体字: 丽
REI spouse, couple, pair 簡体字: 俪
RI REI RAI Chinese oriole; Oriolus oriolus 簡体字: 鹂
RI REKI RYAKU place in today's Henan province 簡体字: 郦
RI REI RAI 簡体字: 㛤
RI meandering, winding 簡体字: 逦
chī CHI yellow dragon 簡体字: 彨
shāi SHI SHO SO strain 簡体字: 酾
shī
SHI RI SAI SHA long; dangling; kerchief; rope
GAI GE (ŋads) govern, control, manage; nurture Compounds: 4
ài GAI GEI artemisia, mugwort; translit.
ài
hài tainted food
GAI cut off, reap, mow; sickle [ja:1738]
nǎi DAI AI NAI (nɯːʔ) then; really, indeed; as it turned out, after all; namely [ja:1978] Compounds: 9
nài DAI NAI DOU NOU incense tripod
nǎi ZAI NAI DAI NE KIU fatigued; (Cant.) paralysis of the foot
nǎi DAI NE NAI milk; woman's breasts; nurse
réng JOU NYOU yet, still, as ever; again; keep -ing, continuing
nǎi JOU NYOU JI NI
réng SHOU NYOU
réng JOU NYOU blessings, happiness
rēng JOU NYOU throw, hurl; throw away, cast
rèng JOU NYOU grass which has been cut and regrown; wild grass
jiǔ KYUU KU (kʷlɯʔ) long time (ago); time passage, grow late [ja:688] Compounds: 6
liù
jiǔ KYUU cauterize with moxa; moxibustion
jiǔ KYUU KU black-colored jade
jiù KYUU chronic disease, chronic illness; sorrow
jiù KYUU coffin which contains corpse
yǒu YUU YU a guide to goodness
tuō TAKU CHAKU (ʔr'aːɡ) to depend on, to entrust with Compounds: 21
zhà TA TO scold, bellow, shout at, roar
zhā TA shout, roar, bellow; scold 簡体字: 咤
zhà
zhé (Cant.) to press steadily
chà TA TO TSU beautiful, colorful; girl 簡体字: 姹
chà TA disappointed, forlorn
chà TA to brag; exaggerated; to wonder at [ja:2481] 簡体字: 诧
chá
HAKU BAKU name of district in Anhui; capital of Yin
tuō TAKU to hold up with palm; to support, rely on
tuō TAKU entrust, rely on; commission [ja:1021] 簡体字: 讬
tuō
zhé TAKU CHAKU RAKU WAKU camel
tuō TAKU to commission, to entrust to, to depute; to request, to ask
tuō TAKU rice cake 簡体字: 饦
tuō TA TAKU young girl; strange, different
zhé
tuō TAKU CHAKU
zhái TAKU residence, dwelling, home; grave [ja:357]
zhé TAKU CHAKU
zhī SHI (tjɯ) marks preceding phrase as modifier of following phrase; it, him her, them; go to [ja:1318] Compounds: 11
zhī SHI sesame; a purplish or brown mushroom thought to have miraculous powers; 'a divine and relicitous plant' (Karlgren) [ja:1052]
zhì SHI purpose, will, determination; annals [ja:823] 簡体字: 志
zhì SHI spots, moles; birthmark
zhì
zhì SHI write down; record; magazine [ja:851] 簡体字: 志
chī SHI worm; ignorant, rustic; laugh
chī SHI
chī SHI laugh at, ridicule, sneer; snort
chī SHI an ugly woman
shí JI time, season; era, age, period
zhì CHI JI
zhà SAKU SA (zraːɡs) first time, for the first time Compounds: 31
zuò SAKU SA make; work; compose, write; act, perform [ja:103]
zhǎ SA minced and salted fish; to preserve
zhà SA JA scrofulous swellings and sores, mumps
zhǎ SA SHA SAKU SHOU
zhà SA cheat, defraud, swindle; trick; to feign [ja:1511] 簡体字: 诈
SAKU SA question-forming particle, why? how? what?; to bite; loud
SAKU SHAKU ZAKU boards which support tiles on roof
zhà SA SHA SAI SAKU to press or extract juices; a press to extract juices; a vegetable
zhà SAKU SA SATSU to fry in oil; to scald; to explode
zhǎ grope, press, span
SAKU toast one's host with wine; to express juice by pressing [ja:1955]
zuò SO throne; bless; blessing, happiness
zuò SO SAKU meat offered in sacrifice to one's ancestors
zuò SO ZO SAKU ZAKU the steps leading to the eastern door
zuò (Cant.) food; profit
zuó
SAKU SHAKU to rise; contracted; cramped
zhà SAKU oak; spinous evergreen tree; to clear away trees
zuó SAKU yesterday; in former times, past [ja:226]
zuò SAKU ZAKU SA JA to be ashamed
zhǎ stone tablet; monument
zuó
zuò SAKU SHAKU ZAKU name of a mountain in Shandong
zuó SAKU ZAKU
zuó SAKU ZAKU SHAKU cable
zuò
TAKU CHAKU SAKU SHAKU
zhǎi SAKU narrow, tight; narrow-minded
zhà SAKU SHAKU SA SHA grasshopper; (edible) locust; cicada
SAKU JAKU SA JA to chew
KO (ɢaː) interrogative or exclamatory final particle Compounds: 10
xià KA KE crack, fissure, split
KO breathe sigh, exhale; call, shout [ja:498]
surname 簡体字: 轷
KO KU to menace; to howl at; to bawl; (Cant.) final particle
KO KU KOU KYOU to shout; to mourn to invoke
KO KU the bank of a steam
KO KU GO KEI KYOU to cry; to shout; to howl
KO GO
BOU (bob) lack; poor [ja:1646] Compounds: 10
biān HEN stone probe; pierce; counsel
biǎn HEN decrease, lower; censure, criticize 簡体字: 贬
biǎn BIN HOU to put a coffin in a grave
fàn HAN HOU to drift, float; careless, reckless
fàn grass floats on water
fán HAN BON HEN BEN
fěng to throw a rider
zhǎ SOU SHOU wink
chéng JOU SHOU (ɦljɯŋ) ride, ascend; avail oneself of; numerary adjunct for vehicles 新字体: 乗 Compounds: 6
chéng
chéng SHOU
chéng
chéng JOU
shèng JOU leftovers, residue, remains 新字体: 剰
shèng SHOU JOU district in Shaohsing, Chekiang
OTSU (qriɡ) second; 2nd heavenly stem [ja:1841] Compounds: 12
ATSU ECHI
zhá SATSU letter, note; correspondence [ja:921]
zhā SATSU ATSU pull up; pierce; struggle free
zhá small species of cicada
SATSU tie, fasten, bind
ATSU crush by weight; grind 簡体字: 轧
ATSU ECHI
ATSU ECHI deep hollow;, gouge, dig out
ATSU ACHI dig, dig out, gouge out, scoop
ITSU ICHI ATSU ECHI swallow
CHOU JOU NYOU
jiǔ KYUU KU (kuʔ) nine [ja:55] Compounds: 25
kāo KOU end of spine; buttocks, sacrum [ja:1692]
qiú KYUU KU KOU DOU NOU
jiāo KYUU GU KI GI
xiāo KOU KYOU roar
jiū KYUU KU pigeon, dove; collect, assemble [ja:1637] 簡体字: 鸠
jiū KYUU KU
jiū KYUU examine, investigate [ja:368]
chóu KYUU GU enemy, hate, hatred, enmity [ja:2322]
qiú GU KYUU clogged nose
qiú armadillo
qiú a three-edged spear
róu JIU NIYU KIU GU spear; tribe
kuí cheekbone
guǐ
kuí KI cheekbone; path, road; intersection
qiú
qiú KYUU KU
qiú KYUU GU
qiú
guǐ KI track, rut, path [ja:1480] 簡体字: 轨
guǐ KI a traitor; a villain
氿
氿 guǐ KI KYUU GU spring
guǐ KI small box; chest, casket 簡体字: 匦
KYOKU rising sun; brilliance; radiant [ja:1417]
KOTSU KI (kʰɯds) beg; request [ja:2478] Compounds: 17
KOTSU GOCHI KETSU gnaw, bite, nibble 簡体字: 龁
KOTSU GOCHI KETSU GECHI inferior silk; tassel, fringe 簡体字: 纥
GITSU GICHI GOCHI ITSU OCHI
KITSU finish; conclude, stop; exhaust 簡体字: 讫
chī KITSU eat; drink; suffer, endure, bear
caper
GITSU GOCHI KI KE pimple, sore, boil, wart, pustule
KITSU GITSU to rise high; to stand erect
KITSU KOCHI GOCHI strong; valiant
KITSU extend, reach; until; till
KITSU KOCHI GITSU GOCHI KI
KITSU KOCHI
KOTSU KUCHI KATSU KACHI toil, slave away; busy
YA (laːlʔ) also; classical final particle of strong affirmation or identity [ja:1404] Compounds: 28
TA other, another; he, she, it [ja:543]
tuō TA DA I drag, tow, haul; delay, prolong
tuó DA TA camel
chí CHI TA pool, pond; moat; cistern [ja:827]
xiè candle-end
shī
shé SHA I YA
TEI wig
CHI JI SHI I tree
chǐ
chí CHI JI go quickly or swiftly; hurry 簡体字: 驰
zhì CHI JI SHI TA DA hill
shī SHI I SE grant, bestow; give; act; name [ja:323]
shī SHI rough, indelicate silk
shī SHI kind of chrysanthemum, xanthium
chí SHI CHI loosen, relax, unstring a bow [ja:2497]
I TA DA wind; walk out of straight path
I millet wine
I TA DA basin; container for wine
I TA DA wind; walk out of straight path
tuō drag along
I
I SHI JI steps, grade, strata; series
de dì CHI JI earth; soil, ground; region [ja:40]
NYUU (njoʔ) breast, nipples; milk, suckle [ja:1289] Compounds: 1
nǒu
luàn RAN RON (roːns) confusion, state of chaos; create chaos, revolt 新字体: 乱 簡体字: 乱 Compounds: 2
luó RA RAN REN to explain in detail 簡体字: 𫌨
wàn
le RYOU (reːwʔ) to finish; particle of completed action [ja:792] Compounds: 1
liǎo ruthenium 簡体字: 钌
YO SHA (la) I, me; to give [ja:180] Compounds: 16
YA SHO open country, field; wilderness [ja:120]
YA
JO series, serial order, sequence [ja:1160]
shū JO SHO express; eliminate; relieve [ja:2309]
CHO SHO JO YO chestnut oak
zhù CHO SHO shuttle of loom; narrow; long-headed; a scrub oak; thin
shù SHO YA villa, country house
shū JO SHO open up, unfold, stretch out; comfortable, easy
shū SHO JO loosen, relax, relieve; extricate 簡体字: 纾
YO beautiful, fair, handsome
YO handsome
YO prepare, arrange; in advance [ja:981] 簡体字: 预
YO SHO
YO SHA SHO relaxed, comfortable, at ease 新字体: 予
YO yam 簡体字: 蓣
YO place in Sichuan 簡体字: 滪
èr NI JI (njis) two; twice [ja:9] Compounds: 4
JI NI greasy, oily, dirty; smooth 簡体字: 腻
èr NI JI number two
èr NI JI number two 新字体: 弐 簡体字: 贰
èr JI NI CHI jujube
U KU (ɢʷa) in, on, at; go to; surname Compounds: 55
kuǎ KA KE A to speak with an accent; big and clumsy
kuā KO KA extravagant, luxurious; handsome
kuā KA KE KO GO KU beautiful, handsome, elegant
kuà KO KA pelvis; groin; thighs
kuà KO KA straddle, bestride, ride; carry
kuā KO KA exaggerate; brag, boast; flaunt [ja:1272] 簡体字: 夸
kuǎ be defeated, fail, collapse
kuǎ KAI KE
kuà KA KE
kuǎ KUU KE to revile
huá
huà wide
HO BU KO KU HI BI KA KE
TO TSU
KO cut out, dig, rip up, scoop out
kuà carry
KO pants; trousers; panties [ja:2175]
KU KO trousers; breeches leggings; drawers 簡体字: 绔
KO trousers, pants 簡体字: 裤
KO KU KA KE
洿
洿 O U KO GO stagnant water; impure, filthy
KO KAKU bottle gourd; calabash; pot
KO GO county in Shanxi province
O filthy, dirty, impure, polluted
O U KO GO loquat
O U plaster over with layer of mud
O filthy, dirty, impure, polluted
chū CHO Ailanthus glandulosa or A. altissima, a kind of tree useless as timber
chū CHO CHI to stretch out, to unroll; comfortable, easy (used for U+8212 舒); 摴蒲 is the name of a traditional play
KA KE FU KU
U KU KYO KO offer sacrifice for rain
KU U interjection 'Alas!'; to sigh
KU U KO wide open eyes; to gaze in astonishment
KU KO boast, exaggerate; great, broad
U KU
KU dawn
KU cap worn during the Yin dynasty
U bend, turn, twist; distort 簡体字: 纡
U doctrinaire, abstruse, unrealistic
U
U basin; cup
U ancient woodwind instrument
U KU state in Henan province
U 1/2 pr stone
U taro [ja:2418]
U tub
huá U an alms bowl; a small bell
U
U house; building, structure; eaves [ja:883]
yún UN (ɢun) say, speak; clouds Compounds: 15
hún KON GON soul, spirit [ja:1748]
yún billows
hún KON GON UN
yún
yǔn
yún UN clouds; Yunnan province [ja:1256] 簡体字: 云
yún GEI UN KON GON rue, herb used to keep insects away; to cut grass or weeds; art, talent, ability, craft, technique, performance, acting, trick, stunt [ja:719]
yún UN weed
yún UN
yún UN confused, in disorder; numerous 簡体字: 纭
yún UN YOU non-standard variant of 職 U+8077, duty, profession; office, post
yún UN rue, an herb used keep insects away 簡体字: 芸
yún UN billows
yún UN wood streaks
yǔn UN IN
GO KO (ɡaːs) mutually, reciprocally [ja:914] Compounds: 3
GO freezing; stopped up, closed off
KO GO
GO (ŋaːʔ) five; surname [ja:31] Compounds: 23
GO i, my, our; resist, impede [ja:1828]
GYO GO GA public office; official residence
GO flying squirrel
GO name of a river in Shandong
GO
towns in Shandong province
GYO GO uneven teeth; to disagree 簡体字: 龉
GO GYO
GO Chinese parasoltree, Sterculia platanifolia
峿
峿 mountain
GO five, company of five; troops [ja:1881]
GO few, scarce; empty, deserted
GO obstinate, disobedient, intractable
GO have interview with; meet
GO to apprehend, realize, become aware [ja:1411]
GO
GO resist
GYO GO misfit; disordant; music instrument; hoe 簡体字: 铻
GO GYO language, words; saying, expression [ja:301] 簡体字: 语
GYO GO prison, jail
GYO GO gavel
jǐng SEI SHOU (skeŋʔ) well, mine shaft, pit [ja:339] Compounds: 14
xíng KEI whetstone
gēng KOU plow, cultivate [ja:1568]
jīng KEI KYOU thorns; brambles; my wife; cane 簡体字: 荆
jǐng SEI TAN SHOU bowl of food; well [ja:2088]
jìng SEI JOU
jǐng SEI hole; pitfall, trap
jǐng SEI JOU pitfall, trap, snare
jǐng KEI KYOU SEI JOU a pit, trap; the appearance of a small, meandering stream
xíng KEI GYOU punishment, penalty; law [ja:864]
xíng KEI GYOU form, shape, appearance [ja:418]
xíng KEI GYOU surname; state in today's Hebei
xíng KEI GYOU sacrificial cauldron 簡体字: 铏
xíng KEI pattern, model, type; law; mold [ja:482]
xíng KEI KYAU form
gèn SEN KAN KOU extend across, through; from [ja:1728] Compounds: 23
xuǎn TEN KAN KI light of the sun; to dry in the sun
huán KAN GAN KEN small badger; porcupine
huán KAN GUWAN KOU GOU
huán KAN GAN KEN
huán KAN GAN KOU
huán celery
xuān SEN declare, announce, proclaim [ja:695]
xuǎn KEN KUUN majestic
gèng
huán KAN GAN variety of tree; surname
huán EN ON KAN GAN river in Henan province
xuān SEN to pull up the sleeves and stretch out the arms; to strike with bare fists
xuān KEN SEN KAN relax
xuān SEN a ornamental piece of jade several inches across with a hole in the center
xuàn SEN add repeated washes of color
xuān KEN lively, noisy; clamor, talk loudly [ja:2249]
xuān KEN day-lily, hemerocallisflava [ja:2217]
xuān KEN warm, comfortable; warm, genial
xuān KEN noisy, uproarious; forget
xuān
xuān
yuán EN low wall [ja:1539]
xuàn KEN a last for making shoes; to turn on a lathe
gèn KOU (kɯːŋs) extend across, through; from Compounds: 6
gèn
gēng KOU a rope
huán KAN GAN KOU
gèng KOU
héng KOU constant, regular, persistent 新字体: 恒 簡体字: 恒
huán KAN GUWAN KOU GOU
A ATSU OU (qraːɡs) Asia; second; used as a prefix to names 新字体: 亜 簡体字: 亚 Compounds: 12
A the forking branch of a tree 簡体字: 桠
A E soft steel; ammonium 簡体字: 铔
A
A dumb, mute; become hoarse 簡体字: 哑
A AKU dumb 簡体字: 痖
A mutual term of address used by sons-in-law; a brother-in-law 簡体字: 娅
a kind of rice plant; shaking and waving of the rice plant 簡体字: 䅉
è O AKU evil, wicked, bad, foul 新字体: 悪 簡体字: 恶
ě O U AKU nastiness; nauseate: sickening
è A AKU O white earth; to daub with white mud 簡体字: 垩
è
wáng BOU MOU (maŋ) death, destroyed; lose, perish [ja:661] Compounds: 39
máng BOU MOU busy, pressed for time; hustling [ja:1475]
máng BOU MOU KOU Miscanthus sinensis
máng BOU vast, boundless, widespread
máng BOU MOU
máng BOU MOU
máng BOU MOU
huāng
máng BOU MOU mountain in Henan province
máng beam
huāng KOU wasteland, desert; uncultivated [ja:1099]
huāng KOU region between heart and diaphragm
huāng KOU blood
huāng KOU a watery waste; to reach
huǎng to make wild statements to lie; to misstate; lies falsehood
huāng KOU nervous, panicky, frantic [ja:1826]
huǎng KOU lie 簡体字: 谎
sàng SOU mourning; mourn; funeral [ja:885] 簡体字: 丧
wàng BOU MOU to look at, look forward; to hope, expect [ja:470]
wáng
wàng BOU MOU look at, gaze at; hope, expect
máng BOU MOU point of sword; sharp point 簡体字: 铓
máng a crude saltpetre
wàng BOU forget; neglect; miss, omit [ja:1129]
wǎng BOU MOU net; network; KangXi radical 122
wǎng BOU MOU net; deceive; libel; negative
wǎng BOU MOU
wǎng MOU BOU net, web; network [ja:1194] 簡体字: 网
wǎng BOU MOU exterior rim of wheel, felly 簡体字: 辋
wǎng the felloe or rim of a wheel
wǎng BOU MOU disconcerted, dejected, discouraged
wǎng
wǎng BOU MOU
wǎng BOU MOU demons, mountain spirits
wàng BOU MOU absurd, foolish, reckless; false [ja:2264]
máng MOU BOU blind; unperceptive, shortsighted [ja:1767]
méng MOU MYOU BUU horsefly, gadfly
méng BOU horsefly, gadfly
máng BOU people; subjects; vassals
méng MOU MYOU BOU farming population
kàng KOU (kaːŋ) high, proud; violent, excessive; skilled; name Compounds: 25
háng bamboos placed across wooden frames on which grain may be stored in damp climates
gāng KOU CHIN
háng
háng
háng KOU GOU
kàng
kāng KOU HOU HYOU ardent; generous, magnanimous
āng KOU dirty 簡体字: 肮
kàng KOU resist, oppose, defy, reject [ja:666]
kàng KOU the brick-bed in northern China
kàng KOU compare, match; pair; spouse
kàng KOU door 簡体字: 闶
kàng animal
háng
kāng
kēng KOU KYOU pit, hole, shaft
háng KOU fly down or downward 簡体字: 颃
háng KOU sail; navigate; ship, boat [ja:665]
háng KOU cross stream; navigate [ja:2329]
hàng KOU GOU a ferry; fog; flowing
āng dirty
kēng KOU throat
jīng KOU non-glutinous rice
kēng KOU pit, hole; bury, trap; harry [ja:2040]
kēng KOU KYOU
jiāo KOU KYOU (kreːw) mix; intersect; exchange, communicate; deliver [ja:178] Compounds: 31
jiǎo
pào ancient ballista for throwing heavy stones a cannon, a gun
jiāo KOU suburbs; waste land, open spaces [ja:1304]
jiāo KEKI KYAKU KOU KYOU GOU an aquatic grass, the stalks of which are eaten as a vegetable
jiāo KOU KYOU scaly dragon with four legs
jiāo KOU shark [ja:2244] 簡体字: 鲛
jiāo KOU the fishing cormorant 簡体字: 䴔
yǎo KOU GOU YOU bite, gnaw
jiǎo KOU KYOU hinge; shears, scissors 簡体字: 铰
jiǎo KOU KYOU beautiful, handsome, good-looking
xiào kind of cicada, cosmopsaltria
jiǎo KOU KYOU twist, wring; intertwine; winch [ja:1288] 簡体字: 绞
jiǎo KOU KYOU cunning, deceitful, treacherous
jiāo KOU KEU GEU beautiful, handsome, pretty
xiáo bamboo rope; bamboo object used
xiào KOU KYOU school; military field officer [ja:294]
jiào KOU KYOU two hemispherical objects used in divination
jiāo KOU KYOU stumble, fall down; wrestle
qiāo
qiāo KOU KYOU GOU (Cant.) a joint
yǎo GOU KOU to chew; to bite
xiáo KOU KYOU river in Hebei province
jiāo KOU GYOU glue, gum, resin, rubber; sound; shin bone
xiào KOU result, effect; effectiveness 新字体: 効
xiào KOU efficacious, effectiveness; to toil, to serve in the army [ja:538]
xiào KOU imitate, mimic
jiǎo KOU KYOU white; bright, brilliant; clear
jiǎo KYOU KOU cheerful; bright, sagacious
jiǎo
yào YOU corner
HAKU KAKU a kind of fierce animal; join; argue; transfer; piebald horse, variegated
hài GAI KAI (ɡɯːʔ) 12th terrestrial branch Compounds: 29
gāi GAI KAI should, ought to, need to [ja:1648] 簡体字: 该
gāi GAI KAI border, boundary, frontier
gāi KAI GAI prepared for; inclusive 簡体字: 赅
gāi GAI KAI KE a step, a terrace, a grade a ledge
gāi
gāi KAI roots
gāi
gāi KAI
gāi
gāi
gāi KAI KI
gāi KAI to give; prepared for included in; embraced in
hǎi KAI
hái KAI GAI chin 簡体字: 颏
kāi KAI HOU BU
kǎi
kài KAI KI GAI cough; sound of laughter
ài
ài GAI KAI KOKU blocked or separated; to prevent 簡体字: 阂
hāi GAI cough
hái KAI GAI baby, child; children
GAI examine into, impeach, charge [ja:2085]
jiē KAI GAI
kài
hái KAI GAI skeleton, body; leg bone
hài KAI GAI terrify, frighten, scare; shock 簡体字: 骇
KOKU carve, engrave; quarter hour [ja:866]
è hiccough
KAKU seed, kernel, core, nut; atom [ja:475]
EKI YAKU (laːɡ) also, too; likewise Compounds: 11
YA night, dark; in night; by night [ja:487]
YA
SEKI SHAKU traces, impressions, footprints
SEKI SHAKU search, track, trace [ja:953] 簡体字: 迹
EKI YAKU Chinese chess
EKI YAKU in sequence, orderly; abundant
EKI YAKU tent
EKI SEKI armpit
EKI support with the arms; stick in, tuck in; fold up
EKI sap, juice, liquid, fluid [ja:1210]
hēng KYOU KOU HOU (qʰaŋʔ) smoothly, progressing, no trouble [ja:1952] Compounds: 5
xiǎng KYOU enjoy [ja:1893]
pēng HOU boil, cook; quick fry, stir fry
hēng distend
hēng
hēng KOU KYOU hum; sing softly; groan, moan; (Cant.) an interjecting indicating disapproval
jīng KYOU KEI KIN (kraŋ) capital city [ja:74] Compounds: 21
liáng RYOU cool, cold; disheartened [ja:1783] 簡体字: 凉
liáng RYOU cool, cold; disheartened
liáng RYOU fruit
liáng
liáng RYOU a hearse; a carriage 簡体字: 辌
liàng RYOU excuse, forgive; guess, presume 簡体字: 谅
lüè RYAKU RYOU rob, ransack, plunder; pass by
jiàng GYAU GAU a snare
jīng KEI KYOU
jīng
jǐng KEI EI scenery, view; conditions [ja:419]
jīng GEI whale [ja:1486] 簡体字: 鲸
qíng GEI KEI to tattoo; to brand the face of criminals
qíng KEI strong, powerful, mighty; violent
qíng KEI SHAU RYAU brand
jìng KEI KYOU RYOU OU far
yǐng EI YOU shadow; image, reflection; photograph [ja:464]
jǐng EI YOU KEI KYOU luster of gem
jǐng KEI rouse, awaken; become conscious
jǐng KEI KYOU bright
hòng KOU GYOU KEI
rén JIN NIN (njin) man; people; mankind; someone else [ja:5] Compounds: 10
qiān SEN thousand; many, numerous; very; (Cant.) a cheater, swindler [ja:195]
qiān SEN one thousand; leader of one thousand men
qiān SEN exuberant and vigorous foliage
qiān SEN footpaths between fields; paths
qiān
qiān SEN move, shift, change; transfer; relocate a capital city
qiān
rén JIN NIN NI humaneness, benevolence, kindness [ja:1332]
rén
nìng NEI DEI flattery; glib
SOKU SHOKU SHIKI (ʔsrɯɡ) slanting, oblique; oblique tones Compounds: 1
SOKU SHOKU afternoon; the sun in the afternoon sky; to decline
jīn KON KIN (krɯm) now, today, modern era [ja:49] Compounds: 55
tān DON TON greedy, covet; covetous 簡体字: 贪
tǎn TAN TON gobble
tàn TAN TON
yǎn EN TAN DON KAN KON
hān
hān KAN KON KEN a mouth or opening
hán KAN KON GON a sound; to put in the mouth; (Cant.) to grunt, grumble
hán GAN hold in mouth; cherish; contain [ja:466]
hán
hàn KAN GAN chin, jowl; give nod 簡体字: 颔
hán
hán
hán KAN GON
hàn KAN GAN a bud
hán KAN GON gems of pearls formerly put into the mouth of a corpse
hán
ān OU AN ON lid of a caldron; Buddhist cloister
ān
jiān KAN KEN GEN GIN GON RIN
jìn SEN KEN KAN KIN GON wife of mother's brother
qiān
qián KEN KIN black; Guizhou
qián KEN GEN KAN GON SHIN lock, latch; stamp, seal 簡体字: 钤
qín KEN GEN KIN GON KAN KON
qín
niàn NEN think of, recall, study [ja:390]
cén SHIN
xín
cén SHIN GIN steep, precipitous; peak
cén
cén SAN ZAN SHIN river in Shaanxi; murky torrent
shèn SHIN JIN
jīn
jīn KIN collar or lapel of garment
qīn KIN coverlet, quilt
qǐn KIN KON GIN GON SAN
qìn to press down with the hand; to lead on; (Cant.) to cover, close up
qín KIN Chinese lute or guitar [ja:1591]
qín KIN birds, fowl; surname;; capture
qín KIN GON KEN GEN GIN salt marsh plant
qín KIN GON used in person's names
qín KIN GON KEN GEN
qín
qín KIN catch, capture, seize, arrest
qín GO KIN small red apple
jīn a sash; to tie
yín GIN KIN sing, hum; recite; type of poetry [ja:1956]
yín to chant, to moan, to sigh
xīn KIN KON GIN GON KAN KEN to prepare horses and chariots for battle
yīn IN ON AN 'female' principle; dark; secret [ja:1393] 簡体字: 阴
yīn
yǐn IN ON drink; swallow; kind of drink [ja:969] 簡体字: 饮
yīn IN shade, shelter; protect [ja:2166] 簡体字: 荫
yìn IN ON shade; protect, shade, cover
jīn KIN KEI KAN pity, feel sorry for, show sympat
jiè KAI (kreːds) forerunner, herald, harbinger; to lie between; sea shell; to wear armor [ja:617] Compounds: 15
hài KAI GAI KEI GEI
jiè KAI KE mustard plant; mustard; tiny [ja:1929]
KAI KATSU KECHI limp, staggering gait; embarrass
jiè KAI boundary, limit; domain; society; the world [ja:158]
jiè KAI scabies, itch
jiè KAI large jade tablet used by officials at court to indicate their ranks
jiè KAI KATSU KECHI
jiè KAI
jià KAI price, value
jiè
xiè KAI GAI
jiè
jiá
jiá KATSU KECHI
jiá
bīng (pŋrɯŋ) Compounds: 5
bīng HYOU ice; KangXi radical 15
bīng HYOU ice; ice-cold
REI RI HYOU
féng HYOU FUU surname; gallop; by dint of 簡体字: 冯
píng HYOU lean on, depend on, rely on 簡体字: 凭
cóng JUU SHOU JU (zloŋ) from, by, since, whence, through Compounds: 17
chuāng to hit (a bell or drum)
cōng SHOU SHU SOU a short spear 簡体字: 𫓩
zōng SOU SU SHOU SHU young pig
zōng
cōng SOU SU SHOU SHU medicinal herb 簡体字: 苁
zōng SHOU footprints, traces, tracks 簡体字: 踪
zòng JUU SHOU indulge in, give free reign to 新字体: 縦 簡体字: 纵
cōng SHOU fir tree 簡体字: 枞
zōng
zōng
zòng SHOU SHU spasms or convulsions in young children, caused by indigestion 簡体字: 疭
cōng
cōng tinkling of jade pendants 簡体字: 𪻐
cóng JUU SHOU JU from, by, since, whence, through 新字体: 従 簡体字: 从
sǒng SHOU to alarm; to instigate, arouse, incite 簡体字: 怂
sǒng SHOU urge on; rise up; stir, excite; to raise up; lofty 簡体字: 耸
sǒng SHOU SHU SOU
FU (pos) give, deliver, pay, hand over; entrust [ja:322] Compounds: 23
FUU BU HOU
FU BU the instep
FU calyx of flower; railing raft
FU bowels, entrails, internal organs
FU bow down, face down, look down
FU prefecture; prefect; government [ja:170]
HO BU instruct, order
FU
a raft
FU FUU BU
FU slap; pat; tap; handle of a vessel
FU middle
FU BU i.d. tag, tally, symbol, charm [ja:1798]
FU HO BU kind of herb; type of grass
FU mound; used in place names
FU rot, decay, spoil; rotten [ja:1225]
FU HOU adhere to, append; rely on near to [ja:2396]
FU BU extra horse; imperial son-in-law 簡体字: 驸
FU BU carp, carassicus auratus 簡体字: 鲋
FU BU HOKU BOKU
FU BU
lìng REI RYOU (ren) command, order; 'commandant', magistrate; allow, cause [ja:804] Compounds: 46
lián REI RYOU REN pity, sympathize [ja:2450]
líng REI zero; fragment, fraction [ja:1217]
魿
魿 líng REI RYOU RIN
mìng MEI MYOU life; destiny, fate, luck; an order, instruction [ja:465]
lěng REI cold, cool; lonely [ja:667]
líng
lǐng REI RYOU mountain ridge, mountain peak [ja:1959] 簡体字: 岭
lǐng RYOU REI neck; collar; lead, guide [ja:138] 簡体字: 领
lǐng
líng REI RYOU
lǐng
líng REI RYOU to sell
jīng
líng REI RYOU small boat with windows; houseboat
líng REI age; years 新字体: 齢 簡体字: 龄
líng REI prison, enclosure
líng REI RYOU species of lark; wagtail; Motacilla species (various) 簡体字: 鸰
líng REI RYOU dragonfly, libellulidae
líng REI RIN RYOU bell [ja:880] 簡体字: 铃
líng REI RYOU fungus, tuber; licorice
líng REI RYOU lonely, solitary; actor
líng REI RYOU REN nice and cool, mild and comfortable
líng RII RYOU concave channels of tiling a long-necked jar
līn REI RYOU to haul; to lift; to take
líng REI RYOU
líng REI ROU tinkling of jade [ja:1931]
líng REI RYOU listen, hear
líng REI RYOU
líng REI RYOU wooden cross-piece on front inside of carriage box 簡体字: 𫐉
líng REI RYOU bamboo screen
líng REI RYOU feather; plume; wing
líng REI RYOU
líng
líng REI RYOU sunshine
líng
líng REI RYOU
lìng REI RYOU purine
líng
líng REI RYOU
lǐng REI mountain ridge, mountain peak
líng
líng
líng REI RYOU species of antelope
líng REI RYOU
líng
líng REI
I (lɯʔ) by means of; thereby, therefore; consider as; in order to [ja:126] Compounds: 6
shì JI resemble, similar to; as if, seem [ja:923]
SHI JI wife of elder brother
SHI spade-shaped tool; plow
SHI JI resemble
I SHI WA barley
I SHI WA barley; coix agretis
FUKU FUU BUKU (bɯɡs) crouch, crawl, lie hidden, conceal [ja:1604] Compounds: 5
HI BI FUKU BUKU to harness a horse a board in front of a carriage for the driver to lean on
FUKU BUKU HOKU BOKU
FUKU BUKU china root; medicinal fungus
FUKU BUKU whirlpool, undercurrent
FUKU BUKU
BATSU (bad) cut down, subjugate, attack [ja:1816] Compounds: 5
HAI BAI HITSU HOCHI flutter; flower
BATSU HATSU raft
BATSU HATSU powerful and influential group [ja:1072] 簡体字: 阀
HATSU BOCHI plow soil; place name
HATSU BOCHI a bamboo raft
xiū KYUU KU (qʰu) rest, stop; retire; do not! [ja:642] Compounds: 9
hāo to weed; to eradicate
xiū KOU KYUU KYOU boast
qiū
xiū KYUU brave, fierce, courageous
xiū KU KYOU KOU shout
xiū KYUU KU shade; shelter, protection
xiū KYUU KU GU horned owl, scops chinensis; bird of ill omen 簡体字: 鸺
xiū KYUU KU SHI
xiū KYUU KU SHI red lacquer; to lacquer
YO (la) I, my, me; surname; surplus [ja:680] 簡体字: 余 Compounds: 42
xié SHA slanting, sloping, inclined [ja:1504]
chá CHA SA TA tea [ja:1116]
TO DO TA bitter vegetable
chá TA DA smear; rub, wipe; anoint
TO smear, daub, apply, spread; paint [ja:1414] 簡体字: 涂
shé SHA JA surname
shē SHA buy and sell on credit, distant 簡体字: 赊
shē YO reclaimed field
shě shè SHA SEKI house, dwelling; dwell, reside
shě SHA discard, give up willingly; give alms [ja:1266] 簡体字: 舍
shè
shè
TO ZU SHO JO glutinous rice
TO ZU way, road, path, journey; course [ja:717]
TO ZU leaven, yeast; wine
TO ZU CHO JO surname; name of certain rivers
TO ZU
TO
JO slowly, quietly, calmly; composed, dignified [ja:1470]
SHO JO
JO express, state, relate, narrate 簡体字: 叙
river in Hunan 簡体字: 溆
chú JO JI eliminate, remove, except [ja:594]
chú CHO JO coarse bamboo mat; ugly
chú CHO JO district in Anhui province
chú
chú SHO JO YO toad
shū
shū
YO surplus, excess, remainder 新字体: 余 簡体字: 余,馀
YO a despatch boat
YO
YO SHO SO happy
pèi HAI (bɯːs) belt ornament, pendant; wear at waist, tie to the belt; respect Compounds: 1
pèi HAI jade ornament
ITSU ICHI (lɯd) a row or file of dancers Compounds: 4
yìn
xiè SETSU bits, scraps, crumbs, fragments
xiè SETSU
xiè SETSU SECHI SOTSU SOCHI rice grits left after hulling
kǎn KAN (kʰaːnʔ) upright and strong; amiable Compounds: 2
qiān fault
kǎn KAN ancient family name
lái RAI (m·rɯːɡ) come, coming; return, returning 新字体: 来 簡体字: 来 Compounds: 23
lái RAI RI goosefoot, weed; fallow field 簡体字: 莱
lái RAI river in Hebei province; creek 簡体字: 涞
lái RAI induce, encourage to come 簡体字: 徕
lái RAI mountain in Sichuan province 簡体字: 崃
lái
lái RAI tall (7 chi) horse
lái RAI RI
lái to confer; to bestow on an inferior; to reward
lái RAI
lái RAI
lái RAI 簡体字: 梾
lái RAI
lái RAI RYOKU RIKI RI
lài RAI
lài RAI give, present, confer; surname 簡体字: 赉
lài RAI squint at; sidelong glance 簡体字: 睐
chì RAI CHAKU CHIKI reward; sincere
chī
lái RAI to induce to come; to encourage 簡体字: 俫
yìn GIN KIN cautious; willing; but, moreover
yìn
mài BAKU wheat, barley, oats; KangXi radical number 199 新字体: 麦 簡体字: 麦
lún RON RIN (run) logical reasons, logical order 簡体字: 仑 Compounds: 19
lún
lún RIN KAN green silk thread or tassel 簡体字: 纶
lùn RON RIN debate; discuss; discourse [ja:227] 簡体字: 论
lún RON Kunlun mountains in Jiangsu
lūn RON RIN swing, brandish, flourish 簡体字: 抡
lún
lún
gùn
lǔn
lùn
lún RIN normal human relationships [ja:1322] 簡体字: 伦
lún RIN RON be lost; sink, be submerged 簡体字: 沦
lún RIN wheel; revolve, turn; recur [ja:693] 簡体字: 轮
lún
lún
lún RIN camphor tree
lún
lǔn
lún RIN FUN
hóu KOU (ɡoː) marquis, lord; target in archery [ja:2363] Compounds: 16
gōu KOU KU cord binding on hilt of sword 簡体字: 缑
hóu KOU throat, gullet, larynx; guttural [ja:2390]
hóu KOU GO monkey, ape; monkey-like
hóu KOU GU warts, pimples
hóu KOU GO ancient music instrument; harp
hóu KOU GU dried rice, dry provisions
帿
帿 hóu marquis, lord; target in archery
hóu KOU GU (Cant.) to watch
hóu KOU GU dry goods, dry provisions 簡体字: 糇
hóu
hóu
hóu a name of a town in Henan province
hóu KOU GU arrow
hóu KOU GU blowfish
hòu KOU wait; expect; visit; greet [ja:510]
hòu KOU KU battlements, battlemented walls
qīn SHIN (sʰim) invade, encroach upon, raid [ja:1025] Compounds: 11
qǐn SEN CHIN carve 簡体字: 锓
qīn SHIN SEN thread
jìn SHIN ominous or sinister spirit; vigor
jīn SHIN
qǐn
jìn SHIN
jìn SHIN soak, immerse, dip, percolate [ja:1447]
qīn SHIN galloping; speeding 簡体字: 骎
qǐn SHIN sleep, rest; bed chamber 新字体: 寝 簡体字: 寝
qǐn SHIN
shēn SHIN ginseng
便
便 biàn BEN BIN (ben) convenience, ease; expedient [ja:729] Compounds: 5
biān HEN BEN whip; whip; string of firecrackers
biān
biān HEN BEN bamboo palanquin
biàn HEN BEN hem; plait, braid, queue 簡体字: 缏
pián HEN BEN tree
bǎo HO HOU (puːʔ) protect, safeguard, defend, care [ja:146] Compounds: 9
bāo HOU commend, honor, cite 新字体: 褒
bǎo HOU HO fort, fortress; town, village
bǎo HO HOU swaddling cloth; infancy
bǎo
bǎo HOU HO swaddling
bǎo HO HOU reserve, preserve; conceal
bǎo HOU
bǎo HOU
beam of a house
YU (l̥ʰus) surname; consent, approve Compounds: 33
YU YOU TOU ZU shirt
tōu CHUU TOU to steal, burglar, thief
tōu TOU TSU YU handsome, cheerful; steal
tōu CHUU TOU brass 簡体字: 𨱎
tóu net 簡体字: 𦈕
CHU JU YU SHU privy hole
YU YUU lift, raise; praise; hang; flap
YU TOU ZU a small door or window; a hole in the wall to cut through a wall
songs
shù SHU YU YOU to exceed; a state in Shanxi province
shū YU SU JU
shū YU SHU transport, carry, haul [ja:371] 簡体字: 输
shū
shù SHU YU insertion point in acupuncture; acupoint
YU go over, pass over, exceed
YU elm tree
YU TOU pleasant, delightful; please [ja:1974]
YU change; chongqing
YU flawless gem or jewel
YU desire strongly, covet, long for 簡体字: 觎
YU snail
YU YOU exceed, transgress; cross over
YU county in Shandong province
YU good
YU
YU get well, recover
YU more and more, even more
YU I
YU metaphor, analogy; example; like
YU proclaim, instruct; edict [ja:1461] 簡体字: 谕
cāng SOU (sʰaːŋ) granary; berth; sea [ja:1114] 簡体字: 仓 Compounds: 16
cāng SOU hold of ship; cabin 簡体字: 舱
cāng SOU blue; green [ja:2276] 簡体字: 苍
cāng SOU blue, dark green; cold 簡体字: 沧
cāng SAU SHAU vulgar person, country man 簡体字: 伧
cāng SOU SHOU oriole 簡体字: 鸧
chuàng SAU SHAU cold
qiāng SOU SHOU spear, lance; gun, rifle [ja:2261] 簡体字: 枪
qiǎng SHOU plunder, rob, take by force 簡体字: 抢
qiāng SHOU SOU walk rapidly 簡体字: 跄
qiāng SHOU SOU tinkling sound tinkling of pendant gems 簡体字: 玱
qiāng to walk rapidly
qiāng SHOU SOU choke by smoke; irritates nose 簡体字: 呛
chuàng SOU establish, create; knife cut [ja:741] 簡体字: 创
chuāng SOU SHOU tumor, boil, sore, wound 簡体字: 疮
chuàng SOU sad, broken-hearted, disconsolate 簡体字: 怆
qiāng SOU SHOU rifle, small arms, hand gun
gàn KAN (kaːns) sunrise; dawn Compounds: 10
gān KAN KEN GEN dry; first hexagram; warming principle of the sun, penetrating and fertilizing, heavenly generative principle (male) [ja:1453] 簡体字: 干
gān
gàn KAN tree trunk; support, prop
hán KAN fence; surname; Korea [ja:445] 簡体字: 韩
hàn
hàn KAN writing brush, pen, pencil
hàn KAN vast, wide, extensive
hàn
hàn a white pheasant
ATSU KAN revolve, rotate, turn
bèi BI (brɯɡs) prepare, ready, perfect [ja:356] 簡体字: 备 Compounds: 6
bèi HAI HEI tired, weary, fatigued 簡体字: 惫
bài HAI BAI FUKU BUKU
bèi BI to prepare; to provide; to put in order; to complete perfection; completeness
bèi FUKU HI BI saddle up horse; drive horse
bèi HI BI food for a journey; cakes
bèi
qiān SEN (skʰlam) all, together, unanimous 簡体字: 佥 Compounds: 30
lán
hān KAN KEN draw back, fold back; collect
liǎn REN SEN KEN face; cheek; reputation 簡体字: 脸
yàn GEN RAN SAN KAN
jiǎn KEN KAN SEN alkaline, alkali, lye, salt 簡体字: 硷
xiān REN KEN KON GEN GON vine 簡体字: 莶
lián REN ladies toilet case with mirror
xiǎn KEN REN dog 簡体字: 猃
liǎn REN KEN KON wild vine, vitis pentaphylla 簡体字: 蔹
lián
liǎn REN draw back, fold back; collect 簡体字: 敛
liàn REN waves, ripples; overflow 簡体字: 潋
jiǎn REN KEN to pick up 簡体字: 捡
liǎn
liàn REN dress corpse for burial 簡体字: 殓
qiān SEN sign, endorse; slip of paper 簡体字: 签
xiān SEN KEN to flatter; crafty, having a specious tongue
xiǎn SEN KEN GEN
jiǎn KEN check; examine 新字体: 検 簡体字: 检
jiǎn KEN eyelid 簡体字: 睑
jiǎn KEN temperate, frugal, economical 新字体: 倹 簡体字: 俭
yǎn
xiān SEN GEN GIN GON
xiǎn KEN high, steep, precipitous 簡体字: 崄
yǎn GEN the movement of a fish's mouth at the surface of the water
yàn KEN GEN test, examine, inspect; verify 新字体: 験 簡体字: 验
xiǎn KEN narrow pass, strategic point, dangerous 新字体: 険 簡体字: 险
jiàn KEN sword, dagger, saber
jiàn KEN sword, dagger, saber 新字体: 剣 簡体字: 剑
𩏩
𩏩 xiǎn
KOTSU GOTSU (ŋuːd) to cut off the feet Compounds: 10
huī KI KAI KE large poisonous snake
huī KA clamour
鼿
鼿 GOTSU GOCHI KAI
chóng CHUU KI insects, worms; KangXi radical 142 [ja:1351]
kūn to shear tree; ancient punishment
yuè GETSU GACHI GOTSU GOCHI cross-bar at the end of the poles of a cart 簡体字: 𫐄
GOTSU GOCHI GETSU GACHI to thrust; to move
GOTSU GOCHI GUTSU GUCHI the stump f a tree, hence, sterility; a square stool
GOTSU GOCHI GUTSU GUCHI KOTSU mountain; a bare hill
yǔn IN (lunʔ) to grant, to allow, to consent [ja:2358] Compounds: 39
suō SA make mischief, incite, instigate [ja:1278]
suō SA weaver's shuttle; go to and fro
suī SUI SA SE SHUN
shuà
zuī SEN wane, reduce, contract; exploit
zùn SON SHUN SAI push
suī
suān SAN tart, sour; acid; stiff; spoiled [ja:1218]
suān SAN SHUN a fabulous beast
suān SAN aching of limbs, muscular pains
cuān to engrave or carve, as a block for printing
juān SAI SUI SA SEN reduce, contract; exploit; reproductive organ of infant
quān SEN SHUN repent, reform
shǔn SEN SHUN suck with mouth, sip, lick
yǎn
yǎn EN I flowing and engulfing; brimming
yǎn
yǔn
yǎn establish; one of nine empire divisions
yǎn
yǎn EN establish; one of nine empire divisions 簡体字: 兖
jùn SHUN SON SAN to light
yǔn IN a tribe of Scythian nomads
mén reddish
jùn SHUN talented, capable; handsome [ja:1007]
jùn SHUN early; bright; respect
jùn SHUN SEN ZEN leftovers 簡体字: 馂
jùn SHUN rustic; crude
駿
駿 jùn SHUN excellent horse, noble steed [ja:1817] 簡体字: 骏
jùn SHUN terminate, end, finish; quit
cūn SHUN chapped, cracked
qūn SHUN retreat, withdraw, fall back
cūn SHUN SON ZON squat
qūn SHUN to dawdle; the emperor Yao's father
jùn SHUN high, steep, towering; stern
jùn KAI GAI
jùn
jùn SHUN dredge
jùn SHUN high, steep, towering; stern [ja:1997]
yuán GEN GAN (ŋon) first; dollar; origin; head [ja:192] Compounds: 33
guān KAN cap, crown, headgear [ja:1503]
guǎn KAN smiling; a kind of aquatic herb, clubrush, Scirpus lacustris
wǎn KAN GEN GAN internal cavity of stomach
guǎn KAN a key; to be in charge; a pipe
hún KAN GAN KON GON tray for carrying sacrificial meat
wán GUWAN
wán GUN trim
yuán GAN TAN DAN EN garden; park, orchard
wàn GAN
yuán GEN GAN
黿
黿 yuán GEN GAN large turtle, sea turtle 簡体字: 鼋
wán GAN
wán GAN play with, joke, enjoy [ja:2216]
wán
wán GAN careless, play; a legendary archer [ja:2134]
wàn GEN GAN
wán KAN complete, finish, settle; whole [ja:595]
wán
yuàn KAN GAN a dyke, embankment
huán
yuàn IN courtyard, yard, court; school [ja:150]
wǎn KAN Anhui province
wǎn Anhui province
huàn KAN to wash, to rinse
wán GAN GEN obstinate, stubborn; recalcitrant [ja:1247] 簡体字: 顽
huàn KAN GEN WAN bright
huàn KAN GAN carp 簡体字: 鲩
yuán GEN name of a river in western Hunan that flows into Dongting lake
yán GEN GAN daphne genkwa, poisonous plant
yuán GEN GAN
yuán town in Shanxi province
ruǎn GEN ancient musical instrument: surname
hùn KON GON KAN
xiōng KEI KYOU (hmraŋ) elder brother [ja:1219] Compounds: 4
huǎng KYOU CHUTSU SHUTSU wild, mad; flurried
kuàng KYOU condition, situation; furthermore [ja:490] 簡体字: 况
kuàng KYOU KOU give, grant, bestow; surname 簡体字: 贶
kuàng KYOU condition, situation; furthermore
chōng JUU SHUU (l̥ʰjuŋ) fill, be full, supply [ja:949] Compounds: 4
tǒng TOU govern, command, control; unite [ja:125] 簡体字: 统
chōng
chōng SHUU SHU
chòng JUU SHUU ancient weapon, blunderbuss [ja:1013] 簡体字: 铳
zhào CHOU JOU (l'ewʔ) omen; million; mega; also trillion. China = million; Japan and Taiwan = trillion [ja:1174] Compounds: 36
tiāo CHOU TOU a load carried on the shoulders; to carry [ja:989]
táo TOU YOU DOU cleanse; river in Gansu province
táo TOU peach; marriage; surname [ja:1784]
táo TOU escape, flee; abscond, dodge [ja:931]
táo TAU DOU TEU TEKI JIAKU howl, cry loudly
táo TOU DOU small revolving drum with knobs
táo TOU DOU drum
táo
𣂁
𣂁 tiāo
tiǎo to offer flesh in sacrifice
cháo CHOU morning, dawn; surname
zhào CHOU JOU an embroidered pennant
zhào
zhào
zhào TEU DEU sacrifice
yáo YOU CHOU handsome, elegant; surname [ja:2433]
yáo YOU mother-of-pearl
yáo YOU CHOU large hoe; surname; a spear brevium [ja:2102] 簡体字: 铫
tiāo CHOU YOU to worry; frivolous
yáo YOU
yáo
yào
yào
tiāo CHOU JOU YOU frivolous; unsteady; delay
tiāo CHOU an ancestral hall
tiǎo CHOU sacrifice
tiāo TEU DEU
tiáo to jump, to climb over, to leap, to posture; a gangway
tiāo
tiào CHOU look at, gaze at, scan, survey [ja:1726]
tiào CHOU mission
FU BAN MAN bow; nod; condescend
tiào
tiào CHOU TOU jump, leap, vault, bounce; dance [ja:1716]
tiǎo CHOU slender; quiet and modest, charming
tiǎo CHOU tempt
xiān SEN (sɯːn) first, former, previous [ja:173] Compounds: 12
SEN wash, rinse; clean, purify [ja:1168]
xiǎn SEN mill 簡体字: 铣
xiǎn SEN bare footed
xiǎn
shēn SHIN SEI SAI SON SEN name of an ancient state
xiǎn SEN bamboo brush; halberd
xiǎn SHOU a surname
xiǎn SEN
shēn SHIN crowd
shēn SHIN to advance
shēn SHIN SEN inquire, question; numerous 簡体字: 诜
shēn SHIN crowd
guāng KOU (kʷaːŋ) light, brilliant, shine; only [ja:527] Compounds: 15
guāng KOU
guāng KOU sparkle, glitter [ja:2430]
guāng KOU a coir-palm
guāng KOU bladder
guāng KUU
guāng 簡体字: 𨐈
huǎng KOU seemingly; absent-minded
guāng