Japanese
Chinese
Graphical etymology
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subjugate; attack the rebellious; collect taxes
on: SEI
kun: utsu yuku toru
names: iku so tada masa yuki
strokes: 8
radical: (no. 60)
journey; trip; expedition; to go on long campaign; to attack;
pinyin: zhēng
strokes: 8
radical: (no. 60)

Graphical etymology

征 is a phonogram of the also-sound type. The word 征 used to be written with the graph , which is the protoform of 征. When 正 started to get used often to write the (probably related) word “be straight, to correct”, the graph 征 was created by adding the signific in order to write the original word “to march on / against, campaign”.¹ While strictly 正 is the phonetic in 征, it lends both its (original) meaning and its sound.

Mnemonics

Notes

  1. Ochiai, p. 139; Qiú, 2000, pp. 191-192; Schuessler, p. 612.
  2. Schuessler writes that traditionally 征 was analysed as “to correct > punish by military expedition” while in fact the word “be straight, correct” is derived from something like “to target, make straight for, march on” etc. (Schuessler, p. 612).
2019-08-09

Additional details for 征

Morohashi: 10077 4.0817
Item no. in Henshall: 1472
SKIP code: 1-3-5
Four corner code: 2121.1
Korean reading: jeong
Kanjidic cross references: variant kanji (JIS): 13D35
Unihan English meanings (for Chinese):
invade, attack, conquer
Unihan on: SEI
Unihan kun: UTSU YUKU TORU
Unihan pinyin: zhēng
Unihan kSimplifiedVariant: 征
Unihan kTraditionalVariant: 征,徵
U+5F81
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