Japanese
Chinese
Graphical etymology
Resources
Links
Details
condolences; mourning; funeral
on: CHOU
kun: tomura-u tobura-u
strokes: 4
radical: (no. 57) (Nelson uses , no. 2)
a string of 100 cash (arch.); to lament; to condole with; variant of 吊 diào;
pinyin: diào
strokes: 4
radical: (no. 57) (Nelson uses , no. 2)

Graphical etymology

Early forms show a semantic compound with varying elements: a stick or a person (or a slave) wrapped in a rope (some scholars think the rope is a snake). Unfortunately oracle bone inscriptions of 弔 are too fragmentary to learn its original meaning. Also, how it came to mean grieve, lament, mourn etc. is not clear.¹

Some scholars think that 弟 and 尗 share their origin with 弔. A late variant way or writing 弔 is 吊.² The rendering of the curved line with bow 弓 is an example of standardization. It does not contribute its meaning and is in 弔 an empty component.

Mnemonics

Notes

  1. Ochiai, 2016, p. 450; Seeley et al., p. 509.
  2. Qiú, 2000, p. 301.

Comments

Here is an article about 弔, 吊, 弟 and 尗.

Japanese vocabulary

弔う tomurau, toburau 1. [v5u,vt] to mourn for; to condole with (family, etc.) 2. to hold a memorial service (for)
弔問 choumon [n,vs] condolence call
弔辞 chouji [n] message of condolence; memorial address
弔意;弔慰 choui [n,vs,adj-no] condolence; sympathy; mourning

2019-06-03

Resources

Additional details for 弔

Morohashi: 9698 4.0682
Item no. in Henshall: 1588
SKIP code: 4-4-1
Four corner code: 1752.7
Korean reading: jo; jeog
Unihan English meanings (for Chinese):
condole, mourn, pity; hang
Unihan on: CHOU TEKI
Unihan kun: TOMURAU TSURU
Unihan pinyin: diào
Unihan kSemanticVariants: , [kLau,kMatthews,kMeyerWempe]
Cedict simplified: 吊
U+5F14
---